Congratulations to Fabio  
for his publication in Physical Review X !

Proposal for a Nanomechanical Qubit

F. Pistolesi et al, Physical Review X 11, 031027 (2021)

Mechanical oscillators have been demonstrated with very high quality factors over a wide range of frequencies. They also couple to a wide variety of fields and forces, making them ideal as sensors. The realization of a mechanically based quantum bit could therefore provide an important new platform for quantum computation and sensing. Here, we show that by coupling one of the flexural modes of a suspended carbon nanotube to the charge states of a double quantum dot defined in the nanotube, it is possible to induce sufficient anharmonicity in the mechanical oscillator so that the coupled system can be used as a mechanical quantum bit. However, these results can only be achieved when the device enters the ultrastrong coupling regime. We discuss the conditions for the anharmonicity to appear, and we show that the Hamiltonian can be mapped onto an anharmonic oscillator, allowing us to work out the energy level structure and find how decoherence from the quantum dot and the mechanical oscillator is inherited by the qubit. Remarkably, the dephasing due to the quantum dot is expected to be reduced by several orders of magnitude in the coupled system. We outline qubit control, readout protocols, the realization of a CNOT gate by coupling two qubits to a microwave cavity, and finally how the qubit can be used as a static-force quantum sensor.